What Is FOSS?
FOSS Components
FOSS K–8 Scope and Sequence
    Middle School
    Grades 5–6
    Grades 3–4
    Grades 1–2
  Correlation to Standards
Research on FOSS and Ongoing Projects
  Science and Literacy
  FOSS for All
  FOSS Staff

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Landforms Overview




The Landforms Module consists of five investigations that introduce students to these fundamental concepts in earth science: change takes place when things interact; all things change over time; patterns of interaction and change are useful in explaining landforms. Students also learn about some of the tools and techniques used by cartographers and use them to depict landforms.


  • Gain experience with models and maps.
  • Gain experience with the concepts of erosion and deposition.
  • Observe the effect of water on surface features of the land, using stream tables.
  • Plan and conduct stream-table investigations.
  • Relate processes that they observe in the stream-table models to processes that created famous landforms.
  • Become familiar with topographic maps and some of the techniques used to create them.
  • Gain experience with the concepts of contour and elevation.
  • Use measurement in the context of scientific investigations.
  • Apply mathematics in the context of science.
  • Acquire vocabulary associated with landforms and the processes that create landforms.
  • Use scientific thinking processes to conduct investigations and build explanations: observing, communicating, comparing, organizing, and relating.
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